Flooding HCMC

Climate Change in Ho Chi Minh City

Ho Chi Minh City is situated in the banks of the Saigon River. The city covers more than 2000 km2, with an average elevation of 0.5 – 1 m above sea level. The metropolitan area is home to more than 7 million residents. Ho Chi Minh City is the most important economic centre in Vietnam, accounting for approximately 20% of the GDP of the country.

Like most cities situated in deltas, Ho Chi Minh City faces serious challenges due to climatic change. The main challenges are the following:

  • Sea level rise. The city already is often flooded and sea level rise will have further impact on the city.
  • River floods: Heavy rains and a lack of available storage space for water results in floods. When rains intensify due to climate change this problem will also get worse.
  • Water availability. Water (quality, reliability) may become a directly limiting factor for economic development in the coming years. Salt intrusion is an increasing problem.
  • Heat. The temperature in the city, and in particular the densely build areas in the city, is increasing.